How low can you go in terms of tools? Videojournalism - Storytelling, Tools and Techniques

Constantin Trofin (Instructor)

Topics: Multimedia , Production , Project

As media are converging, journalists in all media are pressured (usually due to financial constraints, but also as self-employed professionals) to create audio-visual content with inexpensive, versatile and light equipment, to handle every step from planning and shooting to distribution without a team, in a framework referred to as “videojournalism”.  This new emerging model is being challenged by traditional approaches to TV journalism in journalism schools.

This tipsheet is a recommendation derived from point n°1 of the State Of The Art report (ten tips guide, p. 17: "Develop training for cross­media platforms and collaborative work."

Short description:

Based on seventeen years of visual journalism training for journalism BA students, this tipsheet offers concrete tips for visual training of journalism students for a good professional career start in the competitive visual media market.

These tips are based on experiences from the teaching of Television Journalism and Videojournalism at the Journalism Dept., FSPAC, UBB Cluj-Napoca.

For the past six years, 5th semester journalism BA students follow a 12 weeks course on videojournalism, based on the previous knowledge from the TV Journalism course and TV workshop, teaching them to act as a one-person team. The course is very practical, each student working on his/her specific story. By the end of this course, each student must present a completed complex visual story that meets the professional requirements for public display.

This course has the purpose of preparing students to work as complete providers of visual content, as producers, writers, photographers and video editors on their own. This is becoming more and more common as more and more content is demanded by the internet, rather than TV.

The main contributor to this tipsheet is assistant professor Constantin Trofin, course coordinator, former TV producer, presenter and TV executive.

Open Questions

Though videojournalism is by definition an individual enterprise, since students have different levels of visual proficiency and skills, some are able to work individually while others need to be integrated in small groups of a maximum of three students. That helps getting the visual item done, yet prevents some students from really improving skills they are lacking, since somebody else in the group resolves a specific matter.


Instructor: Constantin Trofin

Short quote from instructor


“This course is basically about self-confidence. The major outcome of this course is that students are being taught to make decisions on their own, to be bold and innovative based on a thorough understanding of capabilities and limitations of technology. Adapting to the story, environment and available technology. Getting the best outcome in the given conditions.”

Download | Videojournalism Storytelling.pdf (81kb)

Videojournalism Storytelling